This dataset represents the steady state wetness index computed by d8 and dinfinity flow models and is intended for the visualization and support topographic and geospatial analysis. Understanding the spatial distribution of hydrologic. The twi has been used to study spatial scale effects on hydrological processes. Topographic position index the analysis was performed trough the simulation of dtm to obtain topographic position index tpi in morphometry module within saga gis. Installing the topographic wetness index python script into. In ophthalmology, corneal topography is used as a technique for mapping the surface curvature of the cornea. Topography has been applied to different science fields. For arcgis users, portions of this tool have been rewritten and are available in the arcgis land facet corridor designer extension. How to calculate topographic wetness index using arcgis. The morphometry tools are unique including the saga topographic wetness index and topographic position classification. No data values occur in locations where slope is 0 flat.
In humid areas, topographic wetness indices twis are widely applied to estimate relative soil moisture patterns. As an example, consider a location in a meadow in yosemite valley. However, it generally correctly predicts the accumulation of flow in topological low spots e. Order a paper topographic map index for any state or download a free pdf. Which is the correct way to calculate the topographic wetness. A new topographic index to quantify downslope controls on local drainage. Topographic wetness index and prehistoric land use abstract. Topographic wetness index title topographic wetness index summary.
Dec 17, 2011 compound topographic index cti moore et al. This may be useful when attempting to model ancient environments. Through the application of spatially distributed models, the topographic wetness index twi can be determined as an alternative to the traditional approach of delineating floodprone areas using contours alone. Topographic wetness index and terrain ruggedness mafiadoc. Scinetnathaz project progress meeting using morphometric.
This family of indices may improve our ability to model the habitat of wetlands species. Greetingsi am new with saga gis, so far finding it interesting. Using lidarmodified topographic wetness index, terrain. Jan 30, 20 topographic wetness index appears as an informative predictor of species occurrence, at least for the whinchat, and a useful proxy to detect suitable areas for floodplain grassland birds. In its basic form, it works by deriving slope and accumulation distribution parameters from a topographic model sorensen et al. I would appreciate using saga or qgis, but i also have arcgis 9 at hand.
The process calculate the difference between elevation at a specific cell and the average elevation in. Topography position index tpi landform slope classification standardization neighborhood statistics. What is the typical topographic wetness index range of values. It is commonly used to quantify topographic control on hydrological processes. Topographic wetness index raster console usage processing.
Scinetnathaz project progress meeting 2326 oct 2014, burgas, bulgaria konstantinos papatheodorou helena tzanou tei of kentriki makedonia, lpenpi beneficiary. Integrating all this information the contrast index map was obtained, which once reclassified, allowed the spatial delineation of the flood scenarios and their categories of susceptibility. In my new employment i was requested to calculate twi so i was a bit confused as to which approach to use in saga because there is basic terrain analysis, twi, twi one step and saga wetness index. Using topographic wetness index in vegetation ecology. Thus it can provide indirect information on land cover and agricultural potential. Topographic indices assume that topography drives flows. Go to the usgs store and select mapsstate topographic map indexes. Thus, the index may not capture conditions in areas where there are other more dominant processes governing the flow. Topography wetness index application in floodriskbased. Normalized difference vegetation index ndvi geogrphic informations system arcgis esri gis. Topographic position is an inherently scaledependent phenomenon. Topographic wetness index predicts the occurrence of bird. Package rsaga november 12, 2018 type package title saga geoprocessing and terrain analysis version 1. A digital terrain model dtm of an area of approximately 100 km2 in east jutland, denmark, has been created based on information from the oldest available topographic map from the second half of the 19th century.
What is the typical topographic wetness index range of. Apr 08, 2017 installing the topographic wetness index python script into an arcgis toolbox. Description the topographic wetness index was computed using upstream accumulated areas or flow accumulation a and local slope b as twi lnatanb. Topographic wetness index is calculated as ti lnupslope contributing area tanof slope angle the upslope area is the flow accumulation map, you can calculate this map using arcgis hydrology. In order to test the giss in solving a complex task, we chose the topographic wetness index twi. Creating a topographic index so you can spend the next 3 yrs of you life figuring out what to do with it. This may be an appropriate scale for looking at soil transport or site water balance. Since its introduction, the twi concept has been integrated into many popular hydrologic models e. If you have a dem, and dont know what to do with it you need to look at saga gis. The saga wetness index is, as the name says, similar to the topographic wetness index twi, but it is based on a modified catchment area calculation modified catchment area, which does not think of the flow as very thin film.
Compound topographic index anthropology analytical. First, introduced by beven and kirkby 1979, it has been used in various ecological studies and has proven usefulness. Calculate the topographic wetness index in qgis duration. Title topographic wetness index summary calculates the ratio of the natural log of the specific catchment area contributing area to slope, lnas, or lnatan beta. Topographic wetness index appears as an informative predictor of species occurrence, at least for the whinchat, and a useful proxy to detect suitable areas for floodplain grassland birds. This provides an indication of depth to water table. Topographic wetness index and terrain ruggedness index length m maximum width m lw ratio height range m 28. Topographic wetness index abstract the topographic wetness index, coined by beven and kirkby in 1979, aims to quantify the influence of topography on hydrological processes within a watershed. The units of upslope contributing area are m2m or m in fact a is as or specific contributing area, contributing area per unit contour width so thats why you multiply by cell resolution 30 m and not by cell area 3030 a more correct way to calculate this would be to take into account. Download indexes in shapefile and geodatabase formats through the national map download client. In neuroscience, the neuroimaging discipline uses techniques such as eeg topography for brain mapping. The topographic wetness index twi module requires a normal slope grid as input. If not stated otherwise, all content is licensed under creative commons attributionsharealike 3.
A comparative assessment of prediction capabilities of. The topographic wetness index one step tool is a tool chain, in which the dem is preprocessed with the sink removal tool and the slope is computed using the slope, aspect, curvature tool, then the twi is computed using the following tools in sequence. Sti is one of the popular methods to calculate twi. Installing the topographic wetness index python script. A physically based variable contributing area model of basin hydrology.
The topographic wetness index twi was developed by beven and kirkby 1979 within the runoff model topmodel. I expected that the resulting raster should look like and display index values like the following image in the pdf pdf, page 14. Jan 26, 2019 calculate the topographic wetness index in qgis duration. I have filled and projected my digital terrain model to obtain with the hydrology tool. Topographic wetness index aka wetness index aka compound topographic index a measure of water accumulation or soil saturation calculated as. Exploring hydrological analyses using saga gis cuosg. Schematic diagram of morphology types used to compile topographic wetness index the process described herein uses a type of digital terrain analysis dta resulting in a topographic wetness index twi that quantifies topographic controls of basic hydrological processes schillaci et al. Sti is based on the topographic index ti introduced by beven and kirkby, 1979 and spatial variation in hydrologically relevant soil properties. Which is the correct way to calculate the topographic. Creates vector maps of lines and points of continuously lowering elevation down the input watercourses, based on the input raster dem.
Terrain metrics and landscape characterization from. On the calculation of the topographic wetness index. Calculate topographic wetness index in saga stack overnet. Creates topographic index lnatanbeta map from elevation map topographic wetness index. Saga algorithm provider terrain hydrology if not stated otherwise, all content is licensed under creative commons attributionsharealike 3. In addition, rsaga provides functions for importing and exporting different grid.
Here is a nice explanation provided by tom vanwalleghem to a similar thread on the gis stack exchange. Topographic position and landforms analysis the nature. For the intensitybased ici, no empirical value was available from the nordic countries, so a default. I know there are a lot of different way to estimate it. Has someone here experience with the quantification of topographic wetness in an area and could provide a tutorial how to do it right. At a fine scale of 100m, the topographic position would be a flat plain. Scinetnathaz project progress meeting 2326 oct 2014, burgas, bulgaria. Installing the topographic wetness index python script into an arcgis toolbox. The topographic wetness index twi is one of the most widely used topographybased indications of soil moisture. The topographic wetness index twi, also known as the compound topographic index cti, is a steady state wetness index. On the basis of this model, a topographic wetness index for a 10 x 10 m. The index is a function of both the slope and the upstream contributing area per unit width orthogonal to the flow direction.
Saga geoprocessing and terrain analysis in r description rsaga provides direct access to saga gis functions including, for example, a comprehensive set. Flow accumulation topdown, flow width and specific catchment area, topographic wetness. The twi provides a more costefficient approach to flood determination than conventional hydrodynamic models. Landform classification for site evaluation and forest. Calculates the ratio of the natural log of the specific catchment area contributing area to slope, lnas, or lnatan beta. Consider saga gis a prime choice for environmental modeling and other applications. A total 11 landslide conditioning factors are considered such as slope angle, aspect, altitude, distance from drainage, distance from road, distance from river, lithology, land use, topographic wetness index, stream power index and slopelength ls. Introduction soil moisture is a key variable controlling hydrological and biogeochemical processes buchanan et al.885 356 944 183 1117 73 1284 353 470 1646 771 613 834 35 923 1218 1067 1019 1096 865 593 1306 1359 1361 1324 649 1115 1482 1176 140 235 1329 1322 668 1002 1335 963 962 1307 704 161 46 1199 516